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文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish 1

2015-09-28 10:24

文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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2015 年 12 月大学英语四六级备考讲座
主讲人: 北京外国语大学 何凯文
一.Listening Comprehension:
Part 1 .Short Conversation
真题示例:
Eg1. A) Taking photographs . B) Enhancing images.
C) Mending cameras. D) Painting pictures.
听力原文: W: Do you let people know when you're taking pictures of them?
M: I try not to. You know any picture of a person who poses for the camera
would look dull and unnatural.
Q: What are the speakers talking about?
Eg2 . A) Get some small change. B) Find a shopping center.
C) Cash a check at a bank. D) Find a parking meter.
听力原文: M: Excuse me, do you have change for a ten-dollar note? I need to pay the
parking meter.
W: I'm sorry, but I think you can get it through the money changer in the
shopping center across the street.
Q:What is the man trying to do?
Eg3 . A) Shopping with his son. B) Buying a gift for a child.
C) Promoting a new product. D) Bargaining with a salesgirl.
听力原文: M: Can you recommend something that a school boy of 7 or 8 will really like?
W: I'd suggest this toy train, sir. It's an excellent brand, very popular all over
the world these days.
Q: What is the man doing?
Eg4. A) He moved to Baltimore when he was young.
B) He can provide little useful information.
C) He will show the woman around Baltimore.
D) He will ask someone else to help the woman.
听力原文: W: I need to talk to someone who knows Baltimore well. I'm told you lived there.
M: Oh, but I was really young at the time.
Q: What does the man mean?
Eg5. A) She bought a new set of furniture from Italy last month.
B) She sold all her furniture before she moved house.
C) She plans to put all her old furniture in the basement.
D) She still keeps some old furniture in her new house.
听力原文: M: Did you really give away all your furniture when you moved into the new
house last month?
W: Just the useless pieces, as I’m planning to purchase a new set from Italy for
the sitting room only.
Q: What does the woman mean?
Eg6. A) He has got a heart attack. B) He was badly hurt.文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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C) He was unharmed. D) He has fully recovered from the shock.
听力原文: W: Were you hurt in the accident?
M: I was shocked at the time, but wasn't hurt at all. My bike was totally damaged
though.
Q: What do we know about the man?
Eg7. A) John Smith isn't in right now.
B) John Smith can't come to the phone right now.
C) John Smith doesn't want to speak to the caller.
D) The caller dialed the wrong number.
Eg8. A) She wants to take the most direct way.
B) She may be late for the football game.
C) She is worried about missing her flight.
D) She is currently caught in a traffic jam.
听力原文: W: Airport, please. I’m running a little late. So just take the fastest way even if it’ s
not the most direct.
M: Sure, but there is a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game.
Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?
Eg9. A) He is an experienced sales manager.
B) He is being interviewed for a job.
C) He is not in a vacant position.
D) He is good at answering tricky questions.
听力原文: W: now one more question if you don’ t mind, what position in the company appeals
to you most?
M: Well, I’d like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant.
Q: What do we learn about the man?
Part 2. Long Conversation
一、抓住首尾句
【预览选项】
[A] To go sightseeing. [B] To have meetings.
[C] To promote a new champagne. [D] To join in a training program.
【边听边选】
M: Hi, Ann, welcome back. How’s your trip to the states?
W: Very busy, [19]I had a lot of meetings. …
19. Why did the woman go to New York?
二、留意对话中的一问一答
【预览选项】
[A] Data collection. [B] Training consultancy.
[C] Corporate management. [D] Information processing.
【边听边选】
W: What’ s your line of business, Mr. Johnson?
M: We are a training consultancy.
25. What is the man’ s line of business?
Part 3. Passages文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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【预览选项】
29. A) Michael’s parents got divorced. B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.
C) Karen’s mother died in a car accident. D) A truck driver lost his life in a collision.
【边听边选】
The impact of the collision killed Karen’ s mother instantly, but she was left trapped in the burning
car.
【预览选项】
A) At a local club. C)At the sports center
B) At Joe’s house. D)At the bearing school.
【边听边选】
Joe is a day student, but I am a boarding student. We haven’ t been in same classes, sports or
extra-curricular activities. Nonetheless, I spend nearly every weekend at his house and we talk on
the phone every night.
【预览选项】
A) Kevin is nine years old B) Kevin is handsome
C) Kevin is single D) Kevin is lack of efficiency
Part 4. Dictation
26. 27. 28. 29.
30. 31. 32. 33.
34. 35.
二.Writing:
内容;结构;语言;
内容积累:参见何凯文 QQ 空间:576728297 微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
新浪微博: 何凯文
腾讯微信:kkenglish
(以上三个都关注,有惊喜哦!)
结构学习:两种形式的文章:图画作文和提纲作文
两种结构的文章:正反观点对立型和社会热点型文章;
图画作文:
第一段:
第一句:简单描述图画;
As is shown above, 中心人物+动作.
第二句:图画造成影响;
There has been a heated discussion about this picture on the WeChat, the most influential social
media in China.
第三句:指出图画寓意;
1. The picture shows us that….
2. Simple and funny as this picture is, the symbolic meaning behind it is as deep as ocean.
第二段:
第一种写法:
第一句:介绍主题背景
1.Recently the issue of (whether …or not) has been in the limelight (成为引人注目的中心)and
has aroused wide concern in the public.文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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近来, _______的问题已经非常明确而且引起了社会的广泛关注。
2.Along with the advance of the society more and more problems are brought to our attention, one
of which is ....
随着社会的不断发展,出现了越来越多的问题,其中之一便是____________。
3.Recently, the issue of ...... has been brought into public focus.
近来,_______的问题引起了社会的广泛关注。
第二句:分析利弊
On the one hand,… On the other hand…
第二种写法:
第一句:介绍各方观点
1. There is no consensus of opinions among people as to … some people tend to have a favorable
attitude toward…While, others have an unpleasant association with…
2. Most of us ,however,have formed a different picture of…some people think they are
beneficial, while others hold the opposite view.
第二句:进一步介绍
1. And we rarely reach an absolute consensus on such a controversial issue.
对于这种极具争议的话题,我们很难作出绝对的回答。
2. People from different backgrounds would put different interpretations on the same case.
不同行业的人对同一种问题的解释不尽相同。
harbor the idea that,
take the attitude that,
hold the view that, 认为
第三段:
给出自己看法:
1.Perhaps there is an element of truth in both these pictures.
2.As far as I am concerned, I am inclined to be on the side of the former view.
在我看来,我较同意前一种观点。
3.After a thorough consideration, for my part, I am in favor of the former view.
经过深思熟虑,我较支持前一种看法
语言学习:关注
四.Reading in depth
Section B
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each
statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs. Identify the paragraph from which
the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is
marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet
2.
Universities Branch Out
A) As never before in their long history, universities have become instruments of national
competition as well as instruments of peace. They are the place of the scientific discoveries that
move economies forward, and the primary means of educating the talent required to obtain and
maintain competitive advantage. But at the same time, the opening of national borders to the flow
of goods, services, information and especially people has made universities a powerful force for文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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global integration, mutual understanding and geopolitical stability.
B) In response to the same forces that have driven the world economy, universities have become
more self-consciously global: seeking students from around the world who represent the entire
range of cultures and values, sending their own students abroad to prepare them for global careers,
offering courses of study that address the challenges of an interconnected world and collaborative
(合作的) research programs to advance science for the benefit of all humanity.
C) Of the forces shaping higher education none is more sweeping than the movement across
borders. Over the past three decades the number of students leaving home each year to study
abroad has grown at an annual rate of 3.9 percent, from 800,000 in 1975 to 2.5 million in 2004.
Most travel from one developed nation to another, but the flow from developing to developed
countries is growing rapidly. The reverse flow, from developed to developing countries, is on the
rise, too. Today foreign students earn 30 percent of the doctoral degrees awarded in the United
States and 38 percent of those in the United Kingdom. And the number crossing borders for
undergraduate study is growing as well, to 8 percent of the undergraduates at America’s best
institutions and 10 percent of all undergraduates in the U.K. In the United States, 20 percent of the
newly hired professors in science and engineering are foreign-born, and in China many newly
hired faculty members at the top research universities received their graduate education abroad.
D) Universities are also encouraging students to spend some of their undergraduate years in
another country. In Europe, more than 140,000 students participate in the Erasmus program each
year, taking courses for credit in one of 2,200 participating institutions across the continent. And
in the United States, institutions are helping place students in summer internships (实习) abroad to
prepare them for global careers. Yale and Harvard have led the way, offering every undergraduate
at least one international study or internship opportunity—and providing the financial resources to
make it possible.
E) Globalization is also reshaping the way research is done. One new trend involves sourcing
portions of a research program to another country. Yale professor and Howard Hughes Medical
Institute investigator Tian Xu directs a research center focused on the genetics of human disease at
Shanghai’s Fudan University, in collaboration with faculty colleagues from both schools. The
Shanghai center has 95 employees and graduate students working in a 4,300-square-meter
laboratory facility. Yale faculty, postdoctors and graduate students visit regularly and attend
videoconference seminars with scientists from both campuses. The arrangement benefits both
countries; Xu’s Yale lab is more productive, thanks to the lower costs of conducting research in
China, and Chinese graduate students, postdoctors and faculty get on-the-job training from a
world-class scientist and his U.S. team.
F) As a result of its strength in science, the United States has consistently led the world in the
commercialization of major new technologies, from the mainframe computer and the integrated
circuit of the 1960s to the Internet infrastructure (基 础 设 施 ) and applications software of the
1990s. The link between university-based science and industrial application is often indirect but
sometimes highly visible: Silicon Valley was intentionally created by Stanford University, and
Route 128 outside Boston has long housed companies spun off from MIT and Harvard. Around
the world, governments have encouraged copying of this model, perhaps most successfully in
Cambridge, England, where Microsoft and scores of other leading software and biotechnology
companies have set up shop around the university.
G) For all its success, the United States remains deeply hesitant about sustaining the文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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research-university model. Most politicians recognize the link between investment in science and
national economic strength, but support for research funding has been unsteady. The budget of the
National Institutes of Health doubled between 1998 and 2003, but has risen more slowly than
inflation since then. Support for the physical sciences and engineering barely kept pace with
inflation during that same period. The attempt to make up lost ground is welcome, but the nation
would be better served by steady, predictable increases in science funding at the rate of long-term
GDP growth, which is on the order of inflation plus 3 percent per year.
H) American politicians have great difficulty recognizing that admitting more foreign students
can greatly promote the national interest by increasing international understanding. Adjusted for
inflation, public funding for international exchanges and foreign-language study is well below the
levels of 40 years ago. In the wake of September 11, changes in the visa process caused a dramatic
decline in the number of foreign students seeking admission to U.S. universities, and a
corresponding surge in enrollments in Australia, Singapore and the U.K. Objections from
American university and business leaders led to improvements in the process and a reversal of the
decline, but the United States is still seen by many as unwelcoming to international students.
I) Most Americans recognize that universities contribute to the nation’s well-being through their
scientific research, but many fear that foreign students threaten American competitiveness by
taking their knowledge and skills back home. They fail to grasp that welcoming foreign students
to the United States has two important positive effects: first, the very best of them stay in the
States and—like immigrants throughout history—strengthen the nation; and second, foreign
students who study in the United States become ambassadors for many of its most cherished (珍视)
values when they return home. Or at least they understand them better. In America as elsewhere,
few instruments of foreign policy are as effective in promoting peace and stability as welcoming
international university students.
注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答。
46. American universities prepare their undergraduates for global careers by giving them chances
for international study or internship.
47. Since the mid-1970s, the enrollment of overseas students has increased at an annual rate of 3.9
percent.
48. The enrollment of international students will have a positive impact on America rather than
threaten its competitiveness.
49. The way research is carried out in universities has changed as a result of globalization.
50. Of the newly hired professors in science and engineering in the United States, twenty percent
come from foreign countries.
51. The number of foreign students applying to U.S. universities decreased sharply after
September 11 due to changes in the visa process.
52. The U.S. federal funding for research has been unsteady for years.
53. Around the world, governments encourage the model of linking university-based science and
industrial application.
54. Present-day universities have become a powerful force for global integration.
55. When foreign students leave America, they will bring American values back to their home
countries.
解题要诀:主题;定位;句子理解;
主题的强大:文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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Eg1.主题句:
We sometimes think humans are uniquely vulnerable to anxiety, but stress seems to affect the
immune defenses of lower animals too.
One of the most startling examples of how the mind can alter the immune response was
discovered by chance.
题目:
1. The passage tells us that the most probable reason for the death of the mice in Ader’s
experiment was that ________.
A) they had been weakened psychologically by the saccharin
B) the sweetener was poisonous to them
C) their immune systems had been altered by the mind
D) they had taken too much sweetener during earlier conditioning
2. It can be concluded from the passage that the immune systems of animals ________.
A) can be weakened by mind B) can be suppressed by drug injections
C) can be affected by frequent doses of saccharin
D) can be altered by electric shocks
Eg2. 主题词:weak dollar
52.Why do Americans feel humiliated?
A.Their economy is plunging
B.Their currency has slumped
C.They can't afford trips to Europe
D. They have lost half of their assets.
53.How does the current dollar affect the life of ordinary Americans?
A.They have to cancel their vacations in New York.
B.They find it unaffordable to dine in mom-and-pop restaurants.
C.They have to spend more money when buying imported goods.
D.They might lose their jobs due to potential economic problems.
54. How do many Europeans feel about the U.S with the devalued dollar?
A.They feel contemptuous of it
B.They are sympathetic with it.
C.They regard it as a superpower on the decline.
D.They think of it as a good tourist destination.
55. what is the author's advice to Americans?
A.They treat the dollar with a little respect
B.They try to win in the weak-dollar gamble
C.They vacation at home rather than abroad
D.They treasure their marriages all the more.
特别提示:对于句子结构的把握,找出句子主干
主谓隔离:句子开头的第一个独立名词(前面没有关联词和介词) ,为句子主语应该和其匹
配的动词在一起。
1.But for many, the fact that poor people are able to support themselves almost as well without
government aid as they did with it is in itself a huge victory.
2. The fact that artisans, who were looked on as mechanics or skilled workers in the eighteenth
century, are frequently considered artists today is directly attributable to the Arts and Crafts文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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Movement of the nineteenth century.
长难句更多解析参见何凯文老师编著《考研英语长难句解密》
更多时文可参见何凯文老师编著《考研英语阅读同源外刊时文精析》
见空间:576728297
Part IV Translation (30 minutes) Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate
a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.
剪纸(paper cutting)是中国最为流行的传统民间艺术形式之一。中国剪纸 有一千五百多年的
历史,在明朝和清朝时期(the Ming and Qing Dynasties)特别 流行。人们常用剪纸美化居家环
境。特别是在春节和婚庆期间,剪纸被用来装饰 门窗和房间,以增加喜庆的气氛。剪纸最常用
的颜色是红色,象征健康和兴旺。中国剪纸在世界各地很受欢迎,经常被用作馈赠外国友人的
礼物。
Part IV Translation
Paper cutting is one of China’s most popular traditional folk arts. Chinese paper cutting has a
history of more than 1,500 years. It was widespread particularly during the Ming and Qing
Dynasties. People often beautify their homes with paper cuttings. During the Spring Festival and
wedding celebrations, in particular, paper cuttings are used to decorate doors, windows and rooms
in order to enhance the joyous atmosphere. The color most frequently used in paper cutting is red,
which symbolizes health and prosperity. Chinese paper cutting is very popular around the world
and it is often given as a present to foreign friends.
翻译中一定会用到的表达:
1. Sth gradually developed a style which featured …
某物形成了以…为特色的风格;
2. Sth can be classified into several categories:…
某物可以被分为以下几类;
3. Industrious Chinese laboring people
勤劳的中国人民
4. China has made great headway in narrowing the gap among different social classes.
中国在缩小不同社会阶层间的差距方面也在努力。
5.The core of “harmonious society” is“human-centered,” which means the improvement of
people’s livelihood.
和谐社会的核心是以人为本,这就意味着要促民生。
6. We not only aspire to build China into a prosperous, strong and modern socialist country, but
also into a democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious one.
我们不只是希望把中国建设为现代,繁荣和富强的社会主义国家,而且使中国成为文化先进
的,民主的和和谐的国家。
7. During the long course of history, the Chinese people have, working with diligence, bravery and
wisdom, created a beautiful homeland where all ethnic groups live in harmony, and developed a
great and dynamic culture
在漫长的历史进程中,中国人民依靠自己的勤劳、勇敢、智慧,开创了民族和睦共处的
美好家园,培育了历久弥新的优秀文化。
8.Chinese nation has made an indelible contribution to the progress of human civilization.
中华民族为人类的文明进步作出了不可磨灭的贡献。文都教育倾情巨献 腾讯空间:576728297 新浪微博:何凯文 微信:kkenglish
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9. sth has become one of the most popular …
…成为了最受欢迎的…之一
Sth has been regarded as one of …
…被认为是…之一
10.We can see…, enjoy…and learn of the legend and anecdotes about…
我们能看到…享受到…而且了解到关于…的传奇和轶事。
11. sth is a combination of …, dating back to…
某物是…的结合,其起源可以追溯到…
12. There are some branches of sth , of which A is one of the most famous.
Sth 有好些分支,其中 A 是最有名的。
13. Sth,with a history of… years and a number of …branches/ styles , is an important part of
Chinese traditional culture.
… 已有..年的历史,有好多分支/风格,是中国传统文化的重要组成部分。
14. High speed railroad is introduced in 2004. With the generous funding from the government, it
is rapidly expanding.
2004年,高铁被引入;政府大力支持,发展很快。
15. sth is familiar to everyone, about which however people’s opinions differ.
大家都很熟悉…,但是对于…仁者见仁。
16. Honor the aged of other family as we honor our own; Care for the children of other family as
we care for our own.
老吾老以及人之老,幼吾幼以及人之幼。
17. Respecting the aged and loving the young,a the traditional Chinese virtue, has been
regarded as the social responsibility and behavior norm for thousands years.
千百年来,尊老爱幼这一中华民族的传统美德,被当做是社会责任和行为规范。
Filial Piety, a Chinese traditional virtue, is central to Confucian role ethics.
孝道是中国的传统美德,被认为是儒家角色伦理的核心。
18. Learning without thinking leads to confusion; thinking without learning ends in danger.
学而不思则罔,思而不学则殆。
19. Chinese characters evolve from pictures and signs. The style of the calligraphers symbolize
their age.
汉字由图画和符号演变而来。书法家的风格代表了他们的时代。
20. China is the birthplace of ...
中国是…的故乡
名人,民族,食物,名胜,节日,中医,戏剧,书法,美德